Chili Pepper series. Chili Varieties. by Chef Lippe


Pepper varieties
The genus Capsicum belongs to the family Solanaceae (tomato, eggplant, potato, tobacco among others). Originally native to South America. It is now grown all over the world. The genus includes about 35 wild and domesticated species. The domesticated species are 5 and are among the most used and known.
Capsicum Annuum
Species native to Mexico and Central America, it is the most commonly cultivated probably because of its easy adaptability to different climates. The ease of cultivation and limited spiciness makes it accessible to everyone.
Aleppo – Syria. 5000 – 10000 SHU
Anaheim – New Mexico. 500 – 2500 SHU
Ancho – Puebla, Mexico 1000-1500 SHU
Bali Sidakarya – Bali, Indonesia. 100-500 SHU
Bell peppers – Universal. 0 – 0 SHU
Bangalore Whippet’s Tail – India. 20000 – 50000 SHU
Berbere – Ethiopia. 1000 – 5000 SHU
Black Hungarian – Hungary. 5000 – 10000 SHU
Black Pearl – USA. 20000 – 30000 SHU
Bolivian Rainbow – Bolivia. 5000 – 30000 SHU
Bonda Ma Jacques – St. Lucia. 200000 – 300000 SHU
Buran – Poland. 0 – 0 SHU
Cabai Berah Mesar – Malaysia. 5000 – 30000 SHU
Cabe Keriting – Indonesia. 85000 – 115000 SHU
Caloro – USA. 1000 – 5000 SHU
Cascabel – Mexico. 2500 – 8000 SHU
Cascabella – Hungary. 1500 – 4000 SHU
Cayenne – French Guiana. 30000 – 50000 SHU
Chao Tian Jiao – Sichuan, China. 30000 – 40000 SHU
Charleston Hot – South Carolina. 70000 – 100000 SHU
Chervena Chushka – Bulgaria. 0 – 0 SHU
Cheyenne – USA. 30000 – 50000 SHU
Chi-Chien – China. 30000 – 50000 SHU
Chilauaucle – Oxaca, Mexico. 900 – 2000 SHU
Chiltepin – Texas. 50000 – 75000 SHU
Chimayo – Mexico. 500 – 1000 SHU
Chipotle – Mexico. 2500 – 8000 SHU
Corno di Toro Rosso – Italy. 0 -500 SHU
Cubanelle – Dominican Republic. 0 – 1000 SHU
Dundicut – Pakistan. 20000 – 40000 SHU
De Arbol – Mexico. 15000 - 30000
Fish Pepper – Africa, Baltimore, Philadelphia. 45000 – 75000 SHU
Fresno – California. 2500 – 1000 SHU
Georgia Flame – Republic of Georgia. 1000 – 1500 SHU
Goat Horn – Taiwan. 3000 – 5000 SHU
Goat’s Weed – Venezuela. 20000 – 40000 SHU
Guajillo – Mexico. 2500 – 5000 SHU
Guntur Sannam – India. 25000 – 40000 SHU
Hanoi Red – Viet Nam. 10000 – 30000 SHU
Hot Banana – Hungary. 500 1500 SHU
Hot Portugal – USA. 5000 – 30000 SHU
Hot Wax – Hungary. 2500 – 8000 SHU
Jalapeño – 2500 – 22000 SHU
Japones, Santaka – Mexico, Japan. 40000 – 75000 SHU
Jimmy Nardello (Slow Food Ark of Taste) – Italy, Connecticut. 0 – 0 SHU
Khorika Jolokia – India. 2500 - 5000 SHU
Kung Pao – Thailand. 8000 – 10000 SHU
Maras Biber – Turkey. 30000 – 50000 SHU
Naga Jolokia – India. 850000 – 900000 HSU
Navajo – USA. 3000 – 9000 SHU
Numex Piñata - New Mexico. 45000 – 50000 SHU
Onza – Mexico. 5000 – 30000 SHU
Orozco – Eastern Europe. 5000 – 30000 SHU
Pasilla – Mexico. 1000 – 4000 SHU
Pequin – Mexico. 30000 - 60000 SHU
Peter Pepper – Texas. 5000 – 30000 SHU
Poblano – Mexico. 1000 – 2000 SHU
Poinsettia – Japan. 1300 -2500 SHU
Prairie Fire – USA. 5000 – 30000 SHU
Prik – Thailand. 50000 – 70000 SHU
Pusa Jwala – India. 30000 - 50000 SHU
Quadrato D’Asti – Italy. 0 – 0 SHU
Red Cherry – Mexico, Europe. 1000 – 3500 SHU
Rooster Spur – England. 120000 – 170000 SHU
San Ardo – USA. 1500 - 4000 SHU
Santa Fe Grande USA. 500 – 750 SHU
Santaka – Japan. 40000 – 50000 SHU
Satan’s Kiss – Italy. 5000 – 30000 SHU
Serrano – Mexico. 8000 – 25000 SHU
Shishito – Japan. 50 – 200 SHU
Sparkler – England. 100000 – 160000 SHU
Stumpy – England. 10000 – 27000 SHU
Sweet Banana – Hungary. 0 – 0 SHU
Thai Burapa – Thailand. 50000 – 100000 SHU
Thai Dragon – Thailand. 50000 * 100000 SHU
Tian Ying – Henan, China. 23000 – 25000 SHU
Tien Tsin – China 50000 – 75000 SHU
Urfa Biber – Turkey. 30000 – 50000 SHU
Yatsufusa – Japan. 40000 – 75000 SHU
Capsicum Baccatum
Original species from Bolivia and Peru. In South America many varieties of this species are called ”Aji”. This species has one of the most flavorful varieties, with a wide range of colors, shapes and flavors, ranging from sour to sweet and fruity. They are in fact widely used in Bolivian and Peruvian cuisine.
Aji Amarillo – Bolivia, Peru. 30000 -50000 SHU
Aji Panca – Bolivia, Peru. 10000 – 30000 SHU
Cacho de Cabra – Chile. 1500 – 5000 SHU
Chayusa – Brazil. 10000 -30000 SHU
Corona de Obispo – Puerto Rico, Barbados. 5000 – 30000 SHU
Earbob – USA. 2500 – 10000 SHU
Lemon Drop – Peru, Bolivia. 15000 – 30000 SHU
Peppadew – Limpopo, South Africa. 1000 – 2000 SHU
Sella Criolla – Bolivia. 30000 – 100000 SHU
Ubatuba Cambuci – Brazil. 0 – 500 SHU
Capsicum Chinense
This species is native from the Amazon but is now one of the main species cultivated in the Caribbean, Mexico in the area east of the Andes, India Asia and Indonesia. Within this species are the hottest varieties ever.
Beni Highlands – Bolivia. 30000 – 50000 SHU
Capezzoli di Scimmia – Bolivia. 100000 – 150000 SHU
Caribbean West Indies – Antigua. 200000 – 250000 SHU
Carolina Reaper- South Carolina. 1569300 – 2400000 SHU
Cheeky – England. 50000 – 70000 SHU
Chupetinho – Brazil. 20000 -30000 SHU
Coffee Bean – England. 50000 – 77000 SHU
Congo Yellow – Trinidad. 150000 -300000 SHU
Dallhe Khursani – India, Nepal. 50000 – 100000 SHU
Datil – Cuba. 100000 – 30000 SHU
Devil’s Tongue – USA. 125000 – 325000 SHU
Fatalii – Africa. 200000 -325000 SHU
Habanero – Mexico, USA, Amazon, Caribbean, Africa. 500 – 577000 SHU
Harold St. Barts – St. Barthelemey, Antilles. 150000 -250000 SHU
Infinity Chili – England. 900000 – 1067286 SHU
Jamaican Hot – Jamaica. 300000 – 470000 SHU
Lantern Orange – Peru. 150000 – 400000 SHU
Madame Jeanette – Suriname. 100000 – 350000 SHU
Moruga – Trinidad. 900000 – 1300000 SHU
Murici – Amazon. Brazil. 20000 – 50000 SHU
Murupi – Amazon, Brazil. 500 – 1000SHU
Naga – England, Spain, India, Bangladesh. 850000 – 1349000 SHU
Nagabon Jolokia – Australia. 500000 -800000 SHU
Pimenta da Neide – Brazil. 150000 – 250000 SHU
Scorpion (Moruga Scorpion) – Trinidad and Tobago. 1000000 – 14637000 SHU
Scotch Bonnet – Jamaica. 100000 – 350000 SHU
Snow White – Brazil. 250 – 350000 SHU
7 pod Douglah – Trinidad. 1500000 - 1853936 SHU
Suriname Yellow – Suriname. 100000 – 350000 SHU
Trinidad Perfume – Trinidad. 500 – 1000 SHU
Capsicum Frutescens
Species native to Brazil Mexico and Central America. Grows well in all tropical and subtropical regions, is in fact a species much cultivated in South Asia and Southeast Asia. This follows the species Capsicum chinense by degree of spiciness.
Bird’s Eye – Sudan, zimbawe, Africa. 50000 – 300000 SHU
Cabai Burong – Malaysia. 5000 – 30000 SHU
Cabai Burung Puthi – Malaysia. 30000 – 50000 SHU
Kurnool – India. 30000 – 50000 SHU
Malagueta – Brazil. 60000 – 100000 SHU
New Delhi Long – India. 5000 – 30000 SHU
Peri Peri – Mozambique. 50000 – 175000 SHU
Peruvian Purple – Peru. 15000 – 20000 SHU
Tabasco – USA. 30000 – 50000 SHU
Thai Bankok – Thailand. 15000 – 30000 SHU
Wiri Wiri – Guyana. 130000 – 150000 SHU
Capsicum Pubescens
Species native to the slopes of the South American Andes. Cultivated by the Incas for thousands of years.
Manzano – Andes. 12000 – 30000 SHU
Rocoto (locoto) – Peru, Bolivia. 1500 – 250000 SHU
San Isidro – La Palma, Canary Islands. 30000 – 50000 SHU
Sukanya – Andes, Australia. 50000 * 250000 SHU
Hybrid Capsicum
Ghost Pepper – Bhut Jolokia – Assam, India. 855000 – 1041427 SHU
Interspecific hybrid chili pepper cultivated in the Northeast Indian states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland and Manipur as well as in Nepal. It is a hybrid of Capsicum chinense and Capsicum frutescens . In 2007, Guinness World Records certified that the ghost pepper was the world's hottest chili pepper, 400 times hotter than Tabasco sauce. The ghost chili is rated at more than 1 million Scoville Heat Units (SHUs). Since then Scorpion and Carolina Reaper peppers have claimed that title.
Wild species
Species of the Andean region and in other areas of central South America:
Capsicum chacoense - northern Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay
Capsicum cardenasii (ulupica) - Bolivia
Capsicum eximium - northern Argentina, Bolivia
Capsicum tovarii - Peru
Capsicum galapagoense - Ecuador
Capsicum coccineum - Bolivia, Peru
Capsicum dimorphum - Colombia
Capsicum geminifolium - Colombia, Ecuador
Capsicum hookerianum - Ecuador
Capsicum scolnikianum - Peru
Capsicum caballeroi - Bolivia
Capsicum ceratocalyx – Bolivia
Species of south-eastern Brazil:
Capsicum buforum
Capsicum praetermissum
Capsicum flexuosum
Capsicum campylopodium
Capsicum cornutum synonymous with C.dusenii
Capsicum admirable
Capsicum schottianum
Capsicum villosum
Capsicum recurvatum
Capsicum hunzikerianum
Capsicum pereirae
Capsicum friburgense
Species in the north-east of Brazil and Venezuela:
Capsicum parvifolium
Species of northern South America and Central America:
Capsicum ciliatum
Capsicum lanceolatum - Mexico, Guatemala.